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First WebDriver Script





First WebDriver Script

With the help of Java class ‘myclass’ that you developed in the earlier tutorial, So Now need to try to develop a WebDriver scripts that would: 
1.     Bring Mercury Tours home page
2.     Confirm its title
3.     Print out the Output for related comparisons
4.     Close it before finishing the complete programs.

Code of WebDriver

Below is the real code of WebDriver for the logic presented by the above scenario.

01.package mypackage;
05.import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
07.import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
11.public class myclass {
15.public static void main(String[] args) {
17.        // declaration and the instantiation of objects / variables
19.        WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
21.        String baseUrl = "http://newtours.demoprvd.com";
23.        String expectedTitle = "Welcome All Of You: Mercury Tour";
25.        String actualTitle = "";
29.        // launch Firefox and direct it to the Base URL
31.        driver.get(baseUrl);
35.        // get the real value of the title
37.        actualTitle=driver.getTitle();
41.        /*
43.         * compare the actual title of the page with the expected   one and print
45.         * the result either "Passed" or "Failed"
47.         */
49.        if (actualTitle.contentEquals(expectedTitle)){
51.            System.out.println("Test Passed!");
53.        } else {
55.            System.out.println("Test Failed");
57.        }
61.        //close Firefox
63.        driver.close();
67.        // come out the program explicitly
69.        System.exit(0);
71.    }
75.}

Code Explanations:

Packages Importing - For starting we require to import packages given below:
  1. org.openqa.selenium.*- include the classes of WebDriver required to instantiate a newly browser loaded with the particular or specific drivers.
  2. org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver – includes the FirefoxDriver classes required to instantiate the Firefox - specific drivers onto the browsers instantiated by the WebDriver classes.
If our test requires more difficult actions such as accessing other classes, taking browsers screenshot, or manipulating the external file, absolutely we will require importing more packages.

Instantiating objects and variables

Usually, this is the how any driver’s objects are instantiated.
WebDriver drivers = new Firefoxdriver();
A FirefoxDriver classes without parameters, It stands for that the default Firefox profiles will be started by your Java programs. The default Firefox profiles are parallel to starting the Firefox in the safe mode (non extension is loaded).
For more convenience, we stored the Base URL and the estimated title as variable.

Launching the Browsers Sessions

WebDriver get() function is utilized to starts  the new session of browsers and direct it to the URL that we identify as its parameters.
Driver.get(baseUrl);

Obtain the Title of Actual Page

The WebDriver classes have the getTitle() function that is always utilized to get the title  of pages of the presently loaded pages.
actualTitle = driver.getTitle();

Comparing the Expected with Actual Values

This part of code simply utilizes the basic Java if - else structures to compared the actual or real title with the expected result.
If(actualTitle.contentEquals(expctedTitle))
{
System.out.printin(“Testing Pass”);
} else {
System.out.printIn(“Testing Fail”);

Browser Session Terminating

The “close()” function is utilized to closed the window of browser.
Driver.close();

Entire Program Terminating

If we utilize such commands without closing windows of all browsers first, our whole Java program will get end, while leaving the window of browser open.
System.exit(0);

Running the Test

We have two ways to run the code in Eclipse IDE.
1.     From menu bar of Eclipse, click on Run -> Run.
2.     Now Press the Ctrl + F11 to execute the complete code.

First WebDriver Script
First WebDriver Script


 If we did all fastly and without any interruption then Eclipse would display the output “Test Passed!”

Locating GUI Elements

Locating the elements in WebDriver is completed by utilizing the “findElement(By.locator())” function. The part of the code “locator” is similar as any of the locators past discussed under the Selenium IDE chapter of such tutoriasl.Infact, it is the recommended, we locate GUI element utilizing the IDE and once identified successfully exported the code to the webdriver.
Here is the sample code that locates elements by its id. Facebok is utilized as the Base URL.
01.package mypackage;
02. 
03.import org.openqa.selenium.By;
04. 
05.import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
06. 
07.import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
08. 
09.public class myclass {
10. 
11. 
12. 
13.public static void main(String[] args) {
14. 
15.WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
16. 
17.String baseUrl = "http://www.facebok.com";
18. 
19.String tagName = "";
20. 
21. 
22. 
23.driver.get(baseUrl);
24. 
25.tagName = driver.findElement(By.id("email")).getTagName();
26. 
27.System.out.println(tagsName);
28. 
29.driver.close();
30. 
31.System.exit(0);
32. 
33.}
34. 
35.}

You utilized the getTagName() function to exclude the name of tag of that specific elements whose id is “mail”. When execute, this code should be capable to properly recognize the name of tag “input” and will print it out on the Console window of Eclipse. 

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